Massage therapy is one of the oldest and simplest forms of medical care. The earliest written records of massage therapy were discovered in Egypt and China.
Tomb paintings in Egypt depict individuals being kneaded by others. “The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine” from the Chinese dates to 2,700 B.C. It contains the earliest written record of massage techniques.
Starting around 1000 B.C., Japanese monks studying Buddhism in China observed the healing methods of traditional Chinese medicine, including massage therapy. Japan soon began to import and customize Chinese massage techniques, giving rise to traditional Japanese massage or anma, which grew into Shiatsu.
Ayurveda is the traditional holistic medical system in India. Texts detailing Ayurvedic principles and practices were written sometime between 1500 and 500 B.C. Based on these texts, Ayurveda was widely adopted throughout India and Southeast Asia.
Hippocrates, who was known to be the Father of Western Medicine, stated that a doctor needed to be proficient in many things, especially rubbing because it was this rubbing that could loosen a rigid joint as well as bind a joint that is too loose.
Julius Caesar is also a part of the history of massage because he used daily massages in order to treat his neuralgia. It is good to be the king! Athletes in Ancient Greece employed massage to keep their bodies in peak condition before competitions.